Tai Chi Qigong for Preventing Bone Loss (BMD)

This is a review of all studies on Tai chi for the prevention of bone loss.
“The aggregated results from this systematic review suggests that Tai chi is effective on attenuating BMD loss at the regions of lumbar spine and proximal femur neck in special populations e.g., older adults, perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, people with osteoarthritis, and cancer survivors.”

The Effect of Taichi Practice on Attenuating Bone Mineral Density Loss: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Liye Zou, Chaoyi Wang, Kevin Chen, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Lin Luo, and Xitang Zhao

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of practicing Taichi on attenuating bone mineral density (BMD) loss.

Methods: Both electronic and manual searches were performed for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining Taichi for bone health. Two review authors independently performed study selection and data extraction according to inclusion criteria. A third party (Lin Luo) emerged to discuss with the two review authors and resolve a disagreement.

Results: Twenty RCTs were found to meet the inclusion criteria and used for meta-analysis with a total effective sample of 1604. The aggregated results from this systematic review have shown significant benefits in favour of Taichi on BMD at lumbar spine (Standard Mean Difference, SMD) = 0.29; 95% CI 0.15 to 0.43; p < 0.0001), femur neck (SMD = 0.56; 95% CI 0.38 to 0.75; p < 0.00001), femur trochanter (SMD = 0.04; 95% CI 0.01 to 0.07; p = 0.007), total hip BMD (SMD = 0.46; 95% CI 0.16 to 0.76; p = 0.003).

Conclusions: The aggregated results from this systematic review suggests that Taichi is effective on attenuating BMD loss at the regions of lumbar spine and proximal femur neck in special populations (e.g., older adults, perimenopausal and postmenopausal women, people with osteoarthritis, and cancer survivors). Researchers should further examine the effect of Taichi on the proximal femur trochanter and total hip so that a more definitive claim can be made regarding the beneficial effects for attenuating BMD loss in these musculoskeletal regions.

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2017 Sep; 14(9): 1000.
Published online 2017 Sep 1. doi:  10.3390/ijerph14091000
PMCID: PMC5615537
PMID: 28862661
Keywords: Taichi, Taijiquan, bone mineral density, meta-analysis
Full article at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5615537/#!po=26.1194